Troy Anthony Davis
1968 - 2011
Troy Anthony Davis was on Georgia's death row for over 18 years, despite a compelling case for innocence. Since Davis' conviction, the evidence against him fell apart. No physical evidence; no murder weapon; seven of the nine witnesses recanted or contradicted their testimony, many alleging police coercion. Here you can learn about the case, find other resources, and learn how to take action.
Troy Davis was sent to Georgia’s death row in 1991 for the murder of Mark Allen MacPhail, a white police officer in Savannah, Georgia in 1989.
The conviction was not based on any physical evidence.
The murder weapon was never found. The prosecution relied on witness testimony.
7 out of 9 witnesses have recanted or contradicted their story.
Many alleged coercion by the police.
Excerpts from their affidavits:
- “[The police] were telling me that I was an accessory to murder and that I would… go to jail for a long time and I would be lucky if I ever got out, especially because a police officer got killed… I was only sixteen and was so scared of going to jail.”
- “After the officers talked to me,they gave me a statement and told me to sign it. I signed it. I did not read it because I cannot read… I was totally unsure whether he was the person who shot the officer. I felt pressured to point at him... I have no idea what the person who shot the officer looks like.”
- “The police came and talked to me and put a lot of pressure on me… They wanted me to tell them that Troy confessed to me about killing that officer. The thing is, Troy never told me anything about it. I got tired of them harassing me... I told them that Troy did it, but it wasn’t true.”
- “[T]here was and is no doubt in my mind that the person who shot the officer had the gun in and was shooting with his left hand.” Davis is right-handed.
One of the witnesses may be the actual murderer.
1 of the 2 witnesses who did not recant was implicated by 9 people as the murderer.
Several factors made it tough to appeal with the new evidence:
Severe cuts to Georgia’s legal defense resources meant that two lawyers represented close to 160 people on death row, including Davis, when he needed critical work done for his appeals. Also, in 1996, Congress passed the Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act, which increased restrictions on appeals. No court would hear the new evidence - the witness recantations. Davis was turned down throughout his appeals, including at the US Supreme Court.
Davis came within 23 hours of execution in July 2007 and within 2 hours of execution on September 23, 2008. The Georgia Supreme Court said it would consider his “extraordinary motion for a new trial” appeal in August, 2007 and held a hearing in November. On March 17, 2008, the court rejected his appeal on “overly rigid” (dissenting Judge Sears) technicalities setting an impossibly high bar for the recantations to be considered. The US Supreme Court also rejected his request for consideration of an evidentiary hearing or new trial. On April 16, 2009, the 11th Circuit Court of Appeals denied Davis' request for an evidentiary hearing to evaluate the new witness statements, but allowed him one final opportunity to petition the US Supreme Court. On August 17, 2009, in response to Davis' final appeal, the US Supreme Court granted his request and ordered the Federal District Court in Savannah to hold an evidentiary hearing.
A Federal judge rejected Davis' innocence claim and the US Supreme Court rejected his appeal. The Georgia Board of Pardons and Paroles refused to grant clemency. Troy Davis was executed by lethal injection on September 21, 2011.
Troy Anthony Davis
1968 - 2011
National Media Coverage:
9/8/10: The Nation- Troy Davis Innocence Claim Denied
6/24/10: ABC-Witnesses Now Say They Lied In 1991 Trial That Sent Troy Davis to Death Row
6/24/10: Huffington Post-Witnesses Say Case Against Troy Davis Based on Lies
6/22/10: CNN-Death Row Inmate's Rare Chance to Prove His Innocence
9/3/09: Newsweek - Innocent Until Executed
8/19/09: Democracy Now - Supreme Court Orders Evidentiary Hearing
8/18/09: The Daily Beast - Scalia's Catholic Betrayal
8/18/09: Time Magazine - Davis Ruling Raises New Death Penalty Questions
8/18/09: Salon.com - Scalia: Innocence Doesn't Matter
8/17/09: New York Times - Supreme Court Orders New Look at Death Row Case
7/22/09: CNN - Death Row Mistake?
6/28/09: Associated Press - '91 Death Verdict Splits GA Jurors
6/18/09: Newsweek - Actual Innocence: The Troy Davis Case
6/3/09: LA Times - Case of death row inmate Troy Davis puts new DA in tight spot
5/31/09: NY Times - Death Penalty Disgrace by Bob Barr
Local Media Coverage:
7/01/10: Creative Loafing-Troy Davis' Guilt or Innocence May be Beside the Point
6/24/10: AJC-Judge Must Decide Whether Troy Davis Proved Innocence in Cop Killing
6/23/10: AJC-Witnesses Back Off Testimony Against Troy Davis
4/30/10: WSAV-Hearing for Troy Davis Moved
4/27/10: June 30 hearing set for Troy Anthony Davis
8/19/09: Augusta Chronicle - For Justice, to the moon and back
8/18/09: Savannah Morning News - Troy Davis gets new hearing
8/18/09: AJC - Troy Davis will get the hearing that justice demands
8/17/09: AJC - US Supreme Court orders new hearing for Troy Davis
6/26/09: AJC - Give Troy Anthony Davis a new trial by Rep. John Lewis
6/23/09: Savannah Morning News - Why the Rush to Execute Davis?
6/22/09: Savannah Morning News - More Coverage from the Week of Witness
6/21/09: Savannah Morning News - Coverage from the Week of Witness
5/20/09: AJC - Report on Davis' last petition to the US Supreme Court